Community Media

Defined by some as a political act of giving potential tools of power to the powerless, Community Media is working cooperatively with people or organizations to highlight the potential for growth in areas of society where non-commerical funds are available by grant or donation. - Sequoia Stenlund

Media that allows for access and participation within the framework of a not for profit enitity alowing Individuals and groups to define their society. -Jay

Community media is defined by any resources and means that individuals and communities (community can be seen as geographical, language, interests, cultural, religious, sexual orientation, etc., etc) can generate and utilize to express views, ideas, and opinions to others in the same community and beyond. This is achieved through the participation of staff, volunteers(essential to community building), listeners, readers, and viewers. It is consumer participation in the digital age (Rennie). Community media is the manifestation of civil society and the application of civic duty and responsibility that transcends politics and philosophical beliefs. It is simply a means by which to engage in dialogue that one would otherwise be unable to do in the mainstream media. As Ellie Rennie puts it, community media is "community communication." It is facilitated in large part by the advent of digital new media, but can also be in the form of radio, microradio, print, cable, and DIY ventures. -Steve

Community media first emerged at a grassroots level in the 1970's in an effort to democratize media and challenge corporate mass media in delivering information to the public. Different from the mass media model of one-way information, from one (professional producer) to many (the audience), community media allows members of a community (the audience) to be the producers and creates opportunities for interactive, two-way dialogue focusing on issues important to that community. The term community media has evolved in the digital age to be a broader term that includes "alternative" media, "citizen's" media and "radical" or "democratic" media. -Pam

The term Community media seems hard to define in that it covers such an array of different aspects. I would say that community media is a democratic social fabric that cements and holds a community together; an existing grassroots medium and practices that give access to active citizens to voice their concerns for the good of the community. It is used as a counterbalancing democratic tool to build, empower and enhance the value and strengthen the ties that bind a community together. (Journel)

Participatory Media
Media where three common interrelated characteristics are shared: social networking; where individuals and organizations become connected, many-to-many media; the ability of many people to be able to brodcast and view material online at any time, and many people; the concept of meme which is the socio-psychological way that information moves from one mind to the next mind again and again. - Sequoia Stenlund

Media that is produced through the collective efforts of a community allowing its participants to both ingest it's content and then contribute to it. - Jay

Participatory media is defined by the high level of involvement by the members of a community in the creation, organization and direction of the topics and information disseminated in a two-way network. Digital media such as blogs, video logs, wikis and pod casts are types of participatory media. -Pam

Citizen Media

Media that is produced by citizens on any subject, and as a goal empowers all members of society by building knowledge.
- Sequoia Stenlund

Media produced by individuals on topics of interest to them - Jay

Citizen media is created by the individual citizen, reflects the views, opinions or creative thoughts of a particular citizen to be shared by others involved in a community. -Pam

Citizen's Media

One person's Citizen Media, as per the definition of Citizen Media. The apostrophe indicates a possessive case. The possessive here is the citizen producing the media. - Sequoia Stenlund

Citizens' Media is a broader definition of community media to include alternative media. It does not only communicate a common view of a society, but allows challanges to commonly held views of a society. - Jay

Citizen's media is created for the citizens of a group or community, can be produced by experienced contributors or average citizens but with the intention to inform, educate and enlighten on topics, issues important to a community. -Pam

Development Media

The production of media which is associated with aid programs. The British Colonies has one of the largest Development Media programs. - Sequoia Stenlund

Media created through the participation of a community with the goal of producing positive social change within the community. - Jay

Development media uses the tools of media communications to educate, inform, and empower those in remote or underdeveloped communities: " can be used as an effective and powerful tool for reaching, engaging, and
empowering communities isolated by geography, poverty, conflict, or illiteracy." (

Democratic Media
Media created to promote the power of the individual through participation and democratic values. - Jay

Democratic media is also referred to as "radical" community media as it challenges the biases of established media outlets on political and social issues and provides representation for individuals and communities by ensuring access to information and free speech through participation in the distribution of information. -Pam

Participatory Media: (Steve) can be deciphered from two perspectives.
1)Digital/Technology-by this, participatory media is simply using new media tools to create active interchange where before only only passive observation was possible. This can be achieved through, for example, participatory video, blogs, collaborative internet interfaces, etc.
2)Third World Human-participatory media from this perspective refers to the use of community media tools so that marginalized and remote communities can both receive and contribute information and opinions to ultimately effect social change for their respective realities. This can be the result of radio, video and print. The focus is to empower communites so that through participation they can have a voice in redirecting their communities towards a more just and positive path.

Development Media: (Steve) a knee-jerk response to the ineffectiveness of political parties to address grassroots community needs resulting from neoliberalism and globalization. Development media establishes a linkage between community media sources, developmental organizations, and local groups and individuals to analyze and create ways to foster social change from a participatory, bottom-up approach. Consequently, a delicate balance is formed between policy and community empowerment which rely on each other to work towards the envisioned goals. In addition, development is contingent upon the subtle and subjective input and context of the community in question so that its views in terms of needs, values, and culture are expressed.

Democratic Media: (Steve) As Ellie Rennie points out democratic media is about "self-representation" within a media framework. Fundamentally, democratic media bridges the disconnect between community and individuals and a seemingly non-responsive political system that has led to widespread apathy and democratic stagnation. If communities and citizens have access to arenas whereby they can express their concerns, in essence, this is functioning democracy. If, in turn, these concerns are able to be linked to political representatives to create a dialogue, then not only is the production of the particular form of media and example of democratic media, but the reconcilliation of the local level to the political sphere through new media technologies has implications for policy considerations due to the transparency of grassroots realities.

Citizens' Media: (Steve) Clemencia Rodriguez defines citizens' media in a precise and easily understood manner. In her view, citizens' media is any form of media that is conducive to "rupturing preestablished power structures, opening spaces that allow for new social identities and new cultural definitions, and, in a word, generating power on the side of the subordinates." Essentially, citizens' media brings about new visions, creates new realities, and establishes new perspectives by giving a forum to the most local of the community sphere to tell their story and illustrate how they see their world. Clearly, this will differ radically from the stereotypical images and portrayals of the mainstream. The power of citizens' media is found in the internal painting of a communities portrait by folks who have experiential access to these environments.

Citizen's Media: (Steve) Citizen's media is significantly different from citizens' media. While there is some overlap in terms of shifting the structure of entrenched media exclusivity towards the consumer realm, citizen's media is focused on journalistic input. Citizens' media is a more informal approach in redefining how realities and communities are seen.
Citizen's media is citizen journalism. Center for Citizen Media founder Dan Gilmor describes citizen's media as a forum to create, communicate, and collaborate. Citizen's media, therefore, includes not only blogs, but also podcasts, discussion groups, mash ups, etc. The comon denominator of citizen media sources is that they are all read-write in application. Any citizen can, in addition to reading local, national, and international news and views, publish their own input to create a collaborative thought provoking digital environment that can manifest in policy and civic action.
There is an anarchistic implication to citizen's media in terms of my personal interpretation of the true meaning of anarchy. Gilmor refers to the "self-government" potential that citizen's media represents. If, in fact, through collaborative digital political interaction we can become better informed and open our minds to include possibilities not expressed in mainstream media sources, then citizen's media can be a pathway that allows ordinary citizens a more direct way of taking care of themselves socio-politically. Citizen's media resonates in this direction.

Community Media:
Community media is any communications medium operated on a not-for-profit basis for and by the community in which it disseminates. The core purposes of community access media enterprises are to improve the quality of life in their communities by providing an outlet for free expression (with the lightest of editorial controls), local news plus useful and timely information,opportunities for capacity building, unfettered access to citizens’ engagement in the creative process, development of arts and cultural activities, strong links with the community & voluntary sector and local authorities, social regeneration, promotion of community problem-solving by public partnerships, strengthening of the democratic process, pluralism, and promotion of citizen’s involvement in their communities. (Guled)

Participatory Media:
Participatory media are social media whose value and power derives from the active participation of many people. It is an independent community reporting media system and it forms from audience participation. Such as online publications and collaborative news sites with an amateur staff perform original reporting on community affairs. Participatory media citizens contribute photos, video and news updates to community media or mainstream news outlets. (Guled)

Citizen Media:
Citizen media are act of citizens that plays an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing and disseminating news and information. Its participation is to provide independent, reliable, accurate, wide-ranging and relevant information that a democracy requires. (Guled)

Citizens' Media:
Citizens' Media is refers to any form of content produced by private citizens, which has as its goal to inform and empower all members of society. This includes inclusive production models such as (video blogs), and (audio blogs). (Guled)

Democratic Media:
Democratic media is a production and distribution model which promotes a participatory system that informs and empowers all members of society, and enhances democratic values. The term also refers to a modern social movement evident in countries all over the world which attempts to make mainstream media more accountable to the publics they serve and to create more democratic alternatives. (Guled)

Development Media:
Development Media is a media design set up for community work of reporting and possibility of free flow of information so as to enable all sectors of society to have access to information, including the unprivileged groups. It embarks the all principle of democracy that says democratic society cannot be created without the independence of media pluralism. On the basis of critical and comprehensive news, views and information citizens, voters, consumers and workers make meaningful choices that affect their lives, liberty and property. Thus, in an emerging information society, the right to information has become a key to the governing process and establishes the transparency of decision-making. (Guled)

Community Media- A group of either individual or groups who share materials that hold data in any form or that allow data to pass through them, including paper, transparencies, multipart forms, hard, floppy and optical disks, magnetic tape, wire, cable and fiber. -Yianno

Participatory Media- Media that includes involvement and contributes on the part of that member. Different kinds of participation could be considered this, wikis, video logs, blogs, and pod.-Yianno

Citizen Media- An inhabitant of a city or town with some sort of involvement with the media that allows that paticular person to access any equipment that is in the cable acess affiliation

Development Media- A group that builds upon the growth of the media and is for the best interest of the people.
Democratic Media- Media that is for that people and allows them freedom without prohibiting what should be allowed and not.